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Sweden opening military bases to US military won't get "security guarantees"


來(lái)源:China Military Online 責任編輯:Li Jiayao
2024-06-26 10:56:40

By Sun Qi


The Swedish parliament recently approved a defense cooperation agreement signed with the US last December, allowing the US military to deploy servicemembers and supplies and carry out exercises at all the 17 military bases, military airports and ground force stations across the country. Sweden approved the agreement to strengthen its military cooperation with the US and obtain some sort of "security guarantees" amid the protracted Russia-Ukraine conflict, but this decision will only make it more insecure.

不久前,瑞典議會(huì )批準了去年12月同美國簽署的一項防務(wù)合作協(xié)議,允許美軍使用瑞典全境17個(gè)軍事基地、軍用機場(chǎng)和地面部隊駐地。根據協(xié)議,美軍可在這些地方部署軍事人員和物資并進(jìn)行演習。在俄烏沖突持續延宕的背景下,瑞典急于加強同美國的軍事合作,以期從中獲得某種“安全保障”,但只會(huì )讓其離安全越來(lái)越遠。

"The agreement makes it clear that US military personnel won't be bound by Swedish laws, which means the US can carry out military activities in the country without hindrance," said Cui Hongjian, director of the Center of the European Union and Regional Development Studies, Beijing Foreign Studies University. Since the breakout of the Russia-Ukraine conflict, Sweden, becoming increasingly concerned about the so-called security threats from Russia, has consistently enhanced its military cooperation with the US, including opening all its domestic military bases to the US. It also seeks a military framework integration with the US-led NATO to merge into its combat system more quickly.


In addition to Sweden, the US signed defense agreements with Finland and Denmark. The three countries have collectively opened up to 35 military bases to the US military. This, coupled with similar agreements signed with Norway and Iceland before, has further reinforced the US' military presence in Northern Europe and facilitated its future maneuvers in the North Pole region.


"Compared with other Nordic countries, Sweden has adopted more radical military policies," said Cui, who attributed that to Sweden's unique geostrategic position and the prospect of military integration with NATO. Geographically, Sweden doesn't share a long borderline with Russia like Finland does, so it has less qualms about elevating its military ties with the US. Meanwhile, its Gotland is of great military and strategic significance for controlling the Baltic Sea route, including the route to the Gulf of Finland and Russia's second largest city, St. Petersburg. Moreover, Sweden's military industry is highly localized, giving it more confidence to enhance its military strengths. All these factors have combined to drive its recent policy shift.


"From the US' perspective, it has signed a series of bilateral defense deals with the Nordic countries recently, aiming to take advantage of the Ukraine crisis to build and reinforce NATO's north wing." According to Cui, for some time now, NATO has made special efforts to apply geopolitical containment and suppression against Russia along the line from the three Baltic states to Central and Eastern European countries. After the Ukraine crisis broke out, especially with the admission of Finland and Sweden to NATO, the north wing has become a key direction of the US and NATO's deterrence against Russia. If any Nordic state requests, the US' nuclear umbrella may well extend to Northern Europe or even the North Pole. Besides, how the Russia-Ukraine conflict will go also bears heavily on the formation and expansion of the north wing.

“從美國的角度看,其近來(lái)和北歐國家紛紛簽署系列雙邊防務(wù)協(xié)議,意在利用烏克蘭危機打造并加強所謂的北約北翼?!贝藓榻ū硎?,一段時(shí)間以來(lái),北約重點(diǎn)從波羅的海三國到中東歐國家一線(xiàn)來(lái)對俄進(jìn)行地緣圍堵施壓。烏克蘭危機爆發(fā)后,特別是芬蘭、瑞典加入北約后,北約北翼成為美國和北約對俄進(jìn)行前沿威懾的一個(gè)重要方向。如果北歐國家提出要求,美國的核保護傘可能繼續延伸到北歐地區甚至北極地區。同時(shí),俄烏沖突的走向,也會(huì )對北約北翼的成型以及擴張產(chǎn)生重要影響。

In response to NATO's northern expansion, Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed an order approving the re-establishment of the Moscow and Leningrad military districts to enhance the military deployments in the northwest of the country. Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said they will deploy weapons and equipment in the two military districts to cope with security threats arising from Sweden and Finland's entry into NATO.


Cui analyzed that Russia may make some targeted moves in areas where it shares borders with those countries located in the north wing of NATO and the Baltic region, including deploying tactical nuclear weapons and the "Iskander" missile, organizing military drills, and testing advanced weapons such as the hypersonic missile. The increasingly longer frontline and more intense confrontation between NATO and Russia will exert lasting negative impacts on Europe's security situation.